Women who are using the intrauterine device Mirena should be aware that the IUD could spontaneously migrate after it is inserted, and may cause serious injury, The Safety Report warns.
The Mirena IUD is a birth control device that is also used to treat heavy menstrual bleeding. It is a small, T-shaped device made of flexible plastic that is inserted into the uterine cavity by a trained health care provider. The IUD releases the hormone levonorgestrel to prevent pregnancy.
Since the Mirena IUD was approved in 2000, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has received numerous reports of adverse events associated with the device, including the IUD becoming imbedded, migrating, and/or perforating the uterine wall. Once the Mirena IUD has migrated and perforated the uterine wall, it can move through the abdominal cavity and end up in the bowels, intestines, spine, hip or pelvic area. Often, surgery, including hysterectomy, is needed to remove the device.
Even with the adverse events being reported to the FDA, Bayer, maker of the Mirena IUD, has yet to update the safety label to include potential dangers associated with the device.
Women who have a Mirena IUD should have regular checkups to ensure the device has remained in place, and should consult their doctor if they experience any pain or unusual bleeding.
Source: The Safety Report