Want to know if you are at risk for type 2 diabetes? Then whip out your tape measure, says Public Health England. Waistlines larger than 40 inches in men or 35 inches in women indicate a “very high risk” of developing the chronic disease, the agency warns.
Men with a 40-inch waist are five times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes and women with 35-inch waistlines were three times more likely to develop the disease compared to those with slimmer waistlines. Even waistlines three to four inches smaller than 40 or 35 inches for men and women, respectively, puts them in a “high risk” danger zone, Public Health England warned.
Obesity has become so prevalent “we don’t even recognize,” says Dr. Alison Tedstone, chief nutritionist with Public Health England.
Type 2 diabetes is a growing epidemic worldwide, affecting hundreds of millions of people. Obesity, poor diets, and sedentary lifestyles are risk factors of the disease. Type 2 diabetics are at an increased risk of heart disease, kidney disease, dementia, blindness, and amputations due to neuropathy. The disease and related health consequences costs billions of dollars each year.
In order to keep blood sugar levels under control, diabetics must follow a restrictive diet and most will eventually require medication. Drugs to treat type 2 diabetes carry serious risks as well. For example, the type 2 diabetes drug Actos has been linked to bladder cancer, and the drugs Byetta and Januvia have been associated with an increased risk of acute pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer.
Source: BBC News