Pharmaceutical

Mobile, Alabama, is diabetes capital of America

diabetes illus250x03 Mobile, Alabama, is diabetes capital of AmericaMobile, Ala., has the highest rate of diabetes in the country with nearly 18 percent of adults living with the chronic disease, according to a poll conducted by Gallup and health-being company Healthways. Other cities with high rates of diabetes include Charleston, W.Va., and Corpus Christi, Texas. Bellingham, Wash., and Fort Collins, Colo., had the lowest rates of diabetes.

Diabetes can have a severe impact on residents’ financial situations, with average medical expenditures costing about $13,700 annually – about 2.3 times higher than those of someone without the disease. These patients also incur indirect costs such as increased absenteeism and reduced productivity at work.

Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which the body does not produce enough insulin or is resistant to insulin. This can send blood sugar to dangerous levels. If unmanaged, diabetes can lead to heart disease, kidney disease, cancer, blindness, dementia and amputations from neuropathy. Obesity and sedentary lifestyles contribute to this chronic condition.

People with type 2 diabetes must follow a strict diet for the rest of their lives and often require insulin or anti-diabetic medication to manage their blood sugar. These medications are intended to be taken for a lifetime, which makes patients vulnerable to potential side effects.

For example, Invokana, which hit the market in 2013, is one of the more popular type 2 diabetes treatments. Made by Johnson & Johnson’s Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Invokana can adequately manage blood sugar but it comes at a price. Invokana side effects include bone fractures, acute kidney injury, serious urinary tract infections, and ketoacidosis, a life threatening condition in which too much acid builds up in the blood.

Source: Market Watch