A woman who received buttock implants developed the same rare form of cancer linked to breast implants, according to a case study published in the journal Aesthetic Surgery Journal.
The woman received bilateral textured silicone gluteal implants. A year later, she developed ulceration at the site of the implants and soon after was diagnosed with gluteal implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), according to the case report.
“As far as we are aware, this is the first reported case of ALCL that may be associated with textured gluteal implants,” Dr. Joseph Carey, assistant professor of clinical surgery at the Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California, told NBC News.
Last month, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced it had received more reports of a rare breast cancer linked to breast implants, called breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL). The agency first alerted the public about this risk in 2011, and since then has regularly updated the public with updated information about BIA-ALCL cases, including deaths and known risks.
From 2010 to September 2019, the FDA announced it had received a total of 457 unique cases of BIA-ALCL including nine patient deaths. BIA-ALCL is a type of lymphoma and not a cancer of the breast tissue. When breast implants are placed in the body, they are inserted behind the breast tissue or under the chest muscle. In time, a fibrous scar called a capsule develops around the implant, separating it from the breast. AIB-ALCL is generally found adjacent to the implant and contained within the fibrous capsule.
Gluteal – or buttock – implants are silicone-filled devices that are implanted into the body to increase or improve the size and shape of the buttocks. As with breast implants, buttock implants are either smooth or textured. Fat grafting options are also available. Globally, more than 36,000 buttock implant procedures were performed in 2017.
Patients with buttock implants with concerns should talk with their doctor and follow their recommendations regarding maintenance and care of their implants.