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2-3 pentanedione 21 articles

WHO: Vaping is Not an Effective Smoking Cessation Method

According to a World Health Organization (WHO) report, countries are being urged to curb the use of e-cigarettes as a smoking cessation aid because of the lack of evidence that it helps people quit smoking. Many in the public health community, however, disagree with the agency’s suggestion, which was stated in a meeting in India. The meeting was for the 180 countries that make up the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, a resistance effort against Big Tobacco to prevent the millions of deaths every year caused by smoking. Critics of the WHO recommendation say it is a “backward step” in the fight to reduce tobacco-related deaths, The ... Read More

Six-Year-Old Nearly Killed from Lethal Dose of Liquid Nicotine

In Oregon, a 6-year-old girl was given an accidental lethal dose of liquid nicotine by her father, who confused it for children’s pain medication. The girl’s parents were both smokers and vapers. The mother had just purchased a highly concentrated form of liquid nicotine for their e-cigarettes, then followed the instructions regarding how to dilute it using vegetable glycerin. She used an empty children’s ibuprofen bottle to store the diluted liquid, lightly writing “NIC” on the outside. When the father searched for medication to give the girl, who was suffering from a sprained ankle, he accidentally used the liquid nicotine. The ... Read More

CDC Issues Warning to Workers in Food and Beverage Industry to Beware of Diacetyl

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has finally issued a warning regarding the dangers of diacetyl exposure. The warning advises to beware of diacetyl exposure in general, but advises workers in the coffee, popcorn and other food and beverage making industries to take extra precautions. Diacetyl is a naturally occurring chemical in the coffee roasting process, but can also be artificially created for use in foods, drinks and e-cigarettes flavor liquids to mimic the creamy taste of butter. According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the chemical is safe when consumed in trace amounts, but inhalation is harmful. ... Read More

Online e-Cigarette Company Taken to Federal Court Over alleged False Claims of Toxin-Free Products

The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) has taken online e-cigarette company, The Joystick Company Pty Ltd, to Federal Court alleging the company is making false claims that its products are free from toxins, specifically formaldehyde. The company claims that its products are “independent from” chemicals typically found in traditional cigarettes, and that they were approved by the ACCC. The ACCC, however, disagrees. In fact, it had recently issued three infringement notices to Joystick alleging a number of “false or misleading representations.” When Joystick refused to pay the penalties as required per the infringement notices and maintained its claims of pure products, ACCC moved forward ... Read More

NIOSH Recommends Food Production Workers Take Precautions if Working Near Diacetyl

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is a branch of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) that has made specific recommendations to protect food production workers from the harmful effects of diacetyl and its substitute, 2,3 pentanedione. Diacetyl and 2,3 pentanedione, food flavoring additives, have been linked to serious lung diseases such as obliterative bronchiolitis, better known as “popcorn lung.” The disease earned its nickname from the microwave popcorn plant workers that developed the disease in 2000 after long-term exposure to the chemical, which is used to mimic the creamy taste of butter. Popcorn lung is when the smallest ... Read More

NIOSH conducts health hazard evaluations at coffee-processing facilities after identifying diacetyl exposure hazard

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is the workplace-safety arm of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The agency has recently increased its interest in the hazards of exposure to diacetyl and other similar workplace chemicals. Diacetyl a flavoring agent that mimics the creamy taste of butter, and is used in products such as baking mixes, microwave popcorn, beer, and e-cigarette liquids. A recent study has linked the chemical to Alzheimer’s Disease. It has also been linked to lung damage that leads to bronchiolitis obliterans, better known as “popcorn lung,” a disease where the smallest airways of the lungs have ... Read More

Worker exposure to diacetyl is much more widespread than initially thought

Bronchiolitis obliterans, an irreversible lung disease, first attracted attention 16 years ago when it was diagnosed in a handful of workers at a microwave popcorn processing plant in rural Missouri. The disease, now referred to as “popcorn lung,” has been linked to diacetyl exposure. The disease happens when the smallest airways of the lung become scarred and restricted. The only treatment is lung transplant. David Egilman, a doctor and clinical professor of family medicine at Brown University in Providence, R.I., said of the disease, “It’s like you’re drowning all the time.” Diacetyl and its substitute, 2,3-pentanedione, is a flavoring agent that is used in many products ... Read More

Two New Carcinogens Discovered in E-Cigarette Liquid

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has discovered two additional carcinogens in e-cigarette liquids. In their recent study published in Environmental Science & Technology, researchers examined three types of e-liquids and two types of vaporizers (one-coil and two-coil) at various battery power levels. The researchers discovered that the first puff looks very different from the last puff in terms of emissions. One example used was the emission of acrolein, a severe eye and respiratory irritant. With the single-coil e-cigarette operating at 3.8 volts, the first five puffs emitted .46 micrograms per puff of the chemical, but the last emitted 8.7 micrograms per puff. “When you ... Read More

Study: Flavored E-Cigarettes are More Toxic Than Regular E-Cigarettes

All e-cigarettes have been found to contain many potentially harmful chemical compounds, as well as carcinogens. However, a new study indicates flavored e-cigarettes may be more harmful than non-flavored, and one flavor is reportedly the most toxic of all. Formaldehyde, acrolein, acetoin, propylene glycol, glycerin, diacetyl and 2,3 pentanedione have all been detected in e-cigarette liquids and their vapors. The risk level of exposure depends on how old the e-cigarette is, how many coils it has, temperature, voltage, flavor and brand. A study published in Tobacco Control, a division of BMJ Online Magazine, discovered that, out of all flavors tested, strawberry may be the ... Read More

Chemical Used to Replace Diacetyl is Just as Dangerous

Many lawsuits have been filed by employees of flavoring companies that used diacetyl as an ingredient, claiming long-term exposure to the substance has caused a nonreversible respiratory disease called bronchiolitis obliterans. Bronchiolitis obliterans is a serious lung disease in which the smallest airways of the lungs become scarred and restricted, diminishing breathing. It is often misdiagnosed as asthma, bronchitis, emphysema or even pneumonia because the symptoms are similar, with a patient coughing, wheezing, experiencing shortness of breath and fatigue. The only treatment for bronchiolitis obliterans is a lung transplant. Diacetyl has been found in many products such as microwave popcorn, flavored coffee, baking products, beer and ... Read More