Tagged Articles

acetoin 7 articles

Louisville Health officials call for ban on vaping in public areas

Louisville, Kentucky, health officials are calling for a ban on vaping in public areas, saying e-cigarettes are a threat to “clean air standards.” The American Heart Association and American Lung Association have been fighting for months to tighten up vaping restrictions. The health officials agree that placing a ban on the use of e-cigarettes as well as hookah products in public space “will act to protect Louisville Metro’s clean air standards, protect against secondhand exposure to harmful chemicals, and improve enforcement efforts.” “Support is mounting to restrict the use of electronic cigarettes and hookah in indoor public settings in the best interest of the public’s ... Read More

Study: Vaping Linked to increased Risk of Heart Disease

A research team at UCLA recently found that vaping may increase the risk of heart disease. In the study, which was published in the Feb. 1 issue of online journal JAMA Cardiology, researchers discovered that two risk factors for heart disease were present in 16 e-cigarette users, compared to the absence of the risk factors in 18 nonsmokers. Cardiologist Holly Middlekauff, a coauthor of the study, said “the pattern was spot-on” for what has been found in heart attack victims as well as heart disease patients and diabetics. The participants of the study who used e-cigarettes displayed a heartbeat pattern that is associated with epinephrine, ... Read More

Six-Year-Old Nearly Killed from Lethal Dose of Liquid Nicotine

In Oregon, a 6-year-old girl was given an accidental lethal dose of liquid nicotine by her father, who confused it for children’s pain medication. The girl’s parents were both smokers and vapers. The mother had just purchased a highly concentrated form of liquid nicotine for their e-cigarettes, then followed the instructions regarding how to dilute it using vegetable glycerin. She used an empty children’s ibuprofen bottle to store the diluted liquid, lightly writing “NIC” on the outside. When the father searched for medication to give the girl, who was suffering from a sprained ankle, he accidentally used the liquid nicotine. The ... Read More

Vaping May Damage the Heart as Much as Smoking, Experts Say

It’s no secret that smoking is toxic. E-cigarettes seemed to be the safe alternative, avoiding harmful chemicals and salvaging good health. But researchers are now saying that e-cigarettes have plenty of health risks of their own – including damaging effects to the heart. In a study presented at the European Society for Cardiology congress in Rome, the world’s largest cardiology conference, researchers found that vaping may have the same negative impact on heart health as smoking. E-cigarettes have been discovered to have adverse effects on the main artery of the heart. Researchers studied the hearts of 24 smokers while they puffed on ... Read More

Two New Carcinogens Discovered in E-Cigarette Liquid

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has discovered two additional carcinogens in e-cigarette liquids. In their recent study published in Environmental Science & Technology, researchers examined three types of e-liquids and two types of vaporizers (one-coil and two-coil) at various battery power levels. The researchers discovered that the first puff looks very different from the last puff in terms of emissions. One example used was the emission of acrolein, a severe eye and respiratory irritant. With the single-coil e-cigarette operating at 3.8 volts, the first five puffs emitted .46 micrograms per puff of the chemical, but the last emitted 8.7 micrograms per puff. “When you ... Read More

Diacetyl, Acetoin and 2,3-Pentanedione Found in 92 percent of E-Cigarettes

In the early 2000s, several workers of a popcorn plant became ill with bronchiolitis obliterans – or “popcorn lung” – after they endured long-term exposure to diacetyl, a chemical used in flavorings to mimic the creamy taste of butter. Although many major popcorn manufacturers have since taken the chemical out of their microwave popcorn, people are still at risk for exposure. Diacetyl can be found in baking mixes, candy, alcohol, flavored yogurt, snack foods, cheese, and coffee. According to the FDA, diacetyl is safe when consumed in trace amounts. But when it is inhaled, the person is at risk for developing serious lung diseases ... Read More

Potentially lung-damaging Chemicals Found in E-Cigarette Liquids

There are more than 7,000 kinds of flavored e-cigarette liquids available for purchase. These products, which are not regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are popular and flying off the shelves. However, a recent study found more than 75 percent of the flavored e-cigarettes and refill liquids tested positive for diacetyl, a flavoring chemical that is linked to obliterative bronchiolitis, a serious lung disease where the smallest airways of the lungs become scarred and restricted. It can only be cured by lung transplant. When researchers at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health found the flavoring chemical in the e-cigarette liquids, they ... Read More