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antibiotic 48 articles

Pharmacy group wants black box warning added to antibiotic Levaquin

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A University of South Carolina pharmacy group is petitioning the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to put the strongest warning possible on Johnson & Johnson’s antibiotic Levaquin alerting consumers about the potential for cellular damage that could lead to serious diseases. The Southern Network on Adverse Reactions, a project of the South Carolina College of Pharmacy, says the public should be aware that the antibiotic commonly prescribed to treat infections can damage mitochondria that reside in the cells, resulting in mitochondrial toxicity, which is associated with Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Lou Gehrig’s disease, and liver damage. Levaquin, also known as levofloxacin, ... Read More

Homeopathic treatments recalled; potential for serious allergic reactions

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Several lines of homeopathic treatments made by Terra-Medica are being recalled because they may contain penicillin or derivatives of the antibiotic, which could cause allergic reactions in some people. The recall includes 56 lots of Pleo-FORT, Pleo-QUENT, Pleo-NOT, Pleo-STOLO, Pleo-NOTA-QUENT, and Pleo-EX homeopathic treatments in liquid, tablet, capsule, ointment, and suppository forms. The products are used to treat a variety of ailments from digestion problems, colds and sinus problems, viruses, and yeast infections. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has determined that these products produce penicillin or derivatives of penicillin during the fermentation process. Exposure to penicillin in patients who ... Read More

Antibiotic-resistant salmonella in Foster Farms chicken worries health officials

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An outbreak of salmonella that has sickened 300 people in 18 states has public health officials investigating the sources of contamination worried that the particular strain of bacteria is extremely antibiotic-resistant. The massive outbreak is linked to raw chicken from Foster Farms facilities in California and is the second major salmonella outbreak this year traced to the company. Earlier this year, at least 134 people in 13 states were sickened by Foster Farms poultry. Thirty-three of those people required hospitalization to treat the illness. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), hospitalization rates are more than ... Read More

Antibiotic Tygacyl gets new black box warning for increased risk of death

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The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is ordering the intravenous antibiotic Tygacyl (tigecycline) include on its safety label a new black box warning for increased risk of death compared to other antibacterial drugs. Tygacyl was given a fast-track approval by the FDA in 2005. The drug was developed in response to the growing prevalence of antibiotic resistance in bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus and Acinetobacter baumannii. The drug was approved to treat complicated skin and soft tissue infections, complicated intra-abdominal infections, and community-acquired bacterial pneumonia. Tygacil is not approved for the treatment of diabetic foot infection or for hospital-acquired or ventilator-associated pneumonia. ... Read More

Drug company fined $500 million for impure manufacturing practices

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Generic drug maker Ranbaxy Laboratories Limited was found guilty of violating the Federal Food, Drug & Cosmetic Act and ordered to pay $500 million in fines and civil penalties for selling impure drugs and lying about tests on the products at two of its manufacturing plants in India. Affected drugs included the antibiotic ciprofloxacin, the severe acne drug Sotret, and the epilepsy and nerve pain treatment gabapentin. Ranbaxy pled guilty to making and selling adulterated drugs whose strength, purity or quality was inconsistent from the specifications. The company also admitted that it erroneously told the U.S. Food and Drug Administration ... Read More

OTC diarrhea drug contains illegal ingredient, may cause serious injury, death

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Intestinomicina, an over-the-counter drug used to treat infectious diarrhea and acute gastrointestinal infections, contains an ingredient that was banned in the United States in July 2012 due to the risk of serious and life threatening injuries. The warning was issued this week by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Intestinomicina is manufactured in El Salvador and labeled primarily in Spanish. It lists the ingredient as “chloramphenicol palmitato,” or chloramphenicol in English, on the product’s label. It can be found in both tablet and liquid forms and is manufactured by Laboratorios Lopez. The product has been found in international grocery stores ... Read More

FDA warning: Antibiotic cefepime dosage should be altered in patients with kidney problems

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The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is reminding doctors that the dosage for the drug cefepime used to treat bacterial infections should be adjusted in patients with kidney impairment because inappropriate dosages can cause seizures in patients with renal problems. Cefepime is a cephalosporin antibiotic used to treat pneumonia, urinary tract, skin, and intra-abdominal infections. It is often used in hospital settings and given intravenously through a vein or by injection into a large muscle. Some patients may continue to use cefepime after they have been discharged from the hospital. The FDA noted that there have been cases of a ... Read More

FDA recalls more dietary supplements designed to mimic antibiotics

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is recalling a dietary supplement by the name of Pentrexyl Forte Natural, distributed by Phoenix Import & Distribution, because the packaging is believed to be misleading and may be confused with an antibiotic. The product does not contain antibiotics, and use of it by people who are ill could delay treatment for serious illnesses. ... Read More

Antibiotic may spell relief to IBS sufferers

A commonly prescribed antibiotic for a bacterial infection known as traveler’s diarrhea may offer some relief to people who suffer from the uncomfortable symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS. Researchers from Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles have found that the antibiotic Rifaximin can provide relief from symptoms for up to four weeks after treatment. The study involved giving patients Rifaximin three times a day for two weeks. Forty-one percent of the people who took the antibiotic said they experienced “adequate relief” of their IBS symptoms for up to four weeks after treatment, compared to 32 percent of patients ... Read More

New drug shows promising results in treatment, prevention of colon cancer

A new formulation of an older generation antibiotic is showing promising results in lab animals as an effective treatment in the prevention and treatment of colon cancer and could minimize the need for uncomfortable colonoscopies and surgical polyp removal. Dr. Rina Rosin-Arbesfeld of Tel Aviv University’s Sackler School of Medicine has reformulated an antibiotic that has reduced the sizes of polyps in about 80 percent of mice. On average, the mice that were given the drug lived about 30 percent longer than mice that were not treated with the antibiotic. Dr. Rosin-Arbesfeld hopes these findings will lead to a preventative ... Read More