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asthma 18 articles

Pregnant women who take antacids may increase asthma risk in offspring

Pregnant women often suffer from heartburn, and many turn to over-the-counter or prescription antacids to tame the burn. But a new study published in The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology suggests that using common acid reducers may cause asthma in their offspring. Hearburn is common in pregnant women because the hormones that relax the muscles in pregnancy to make room for the growing fetus also relaxes the stomach valve that keeps acid out of the esophagus. Plus, as the baby grows, the uterus expands, crowding the stomach and forcing acid into the esophagus. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), such as ... Read More

Studies link prenatal exposure to Tylenol to increased risk of asthma, hyperactivity

Pregnant women have been lead to believe that the painkiller Tylenol (acetaminophen) is a safe for developing fetuses, but two new studies show that prenatal exposure to the widely used medicine can increase the risk of asthma or hyperactivity by the time that child reaches 7 years of age. The first study, published in the International Journal of Epidemiology, evaluated more than 53,000 children from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study for current asthma at ages 3 and 7. Researchers also noted maternal use of acetaminophen during pregnancy. They found that women who used the pain reliever while pregnant increased ... Read More

Regular Exposure To Cleaning Agents Linked To Increased Risk of Lung Injury, Health Study Finds

People who are regularly exposed to cleaning agents in the home or office are at a significantly higher risk of developing permanent lung damage, a long-term study conducted by Norwegian health researchers has found. The greatest risk of harm is found in cleaners and detergents that come in aerosol and spray form, which are easily inhaled, especially in more confined spaces of the home, such as bathroom and kitchens. The Norwegian study, released as part of a European Union Healthy Lungs for Life campaign, followed 5,000 women over the course of 20 years, and found that those whose professional job ... Read More

Enterovirus D68 may be causing polio-like symptoms in some children

A polio-like illness is spreading among children in Colorado and may be linked to enterovirus D68, the respiratory virus that’s sent dozens of children nationwide to the hospital. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is investigating the neurological symptoms, which include paralysis and muscle weakness. CDC officials say they do not believe the symptoms are caused by polio. At least eight of the 10 children affected by the new symptoms are up-to-date on their polio vaccinations. The children, who were admitted to Children’s Hospital in Colorado, presented with symptoms including weakness in the shoulders, triceps, biceps and hips, ... Read More

Rare respiratory virus sweeping country, making children ill

A respiratory illness sweeping across the country has already sickened more than a thousand children in 10 states, sending dozens to the hospital and in some cases, intensive care units. “So if your state doesn’t have it now, watch for it. It’s coming,” said ABC News Chief Health and Medical Editor Dr. Richard Besser. Back-to-school season is notorious for making kids sick – literally, that is. Kids get around each other and pick up germs, and then they come home and spread those germs to their siblings. “But this (respiratory virus), this particular Enterovirus 68, is very rare and they ... Read More

FDA approves inhaled insulin for type 2 diabetes

After a three-year delay, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted approval of an inhaled insulin to treat type 2 diabetes. MannKind Corp’s drug Afrezza is a fast-acting form of insulin in a form of a powder that comes in a single-use cartridge. It is designed to be inhaled at the start of a meal or within 20 minutes of starting. Patients using the drug can achieve peak insulin levels within 12 to 15 minutes – much faster than the 90 minutes it generally takes with injectable insulin. Afrezza is not a substitute for long-acting insulin, but is a ... Read More

FDA panel votes against approval of Singulair Allergy for OTC use

A Food and Drug Administration (FDA) advisory panel is recommending that the agency not approve Merck’s Singulair Allergy drug for over-the-counter treatment for allergic rhinitis because of safety concerns. Singulair, which contains the active ingredient montelukast, was approved in 1998 for the treatment of asthma in both children and adults. In 2002 and 2005, the indication was expanded to include the treatment for seasonal allergic rhinitis and perennial allergic rhinitis, respectively. In 2007, it was approved for exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. Merck was seeking OTC approval of Singulair Allergy for the treatment of allergy symptoms only in adults 18 years and older, ... Read More

Exposure to thirdhand smoke an ‘under-appreciated health risk’

The ill effects of cigarettes have been shown to affect not only smokers but also those exposed to the smoke second hand. New research shows that thirdhand smoke – the invisible remnants of tobacco smoke that clings to surfaces and dust particles – could also be putting several billion people at an “under-appreciated health risk.” Even the most courteous of smokers can be leaving behind tobacco residue that can be dangerous, say researchers from the University of California-Riverside. They reference previous studies that show children living with adults who smoke are absent from school 40 percent more days than children ... Read More

Smoking-related COPD takes life of Marlboro Man

Another Marlboro Man has died from a smoking-related disease. Eric Lawson, one of several rugged-looking men paid by the tobacco company Phillip Morris to represent the company’s Marlboro cigarette brand, died of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on January 10. He was 72. Lawson was not only a spokesman for Marlboro, he even smoked the cigarettes – as many as three packs a day. By the 1990s, he saw the error of his ways, and spoke of the hazards of cigarette smoking in public service announcements for the American Cancer Society. Yet, even Lawson couldn’t shake the habit, and continued ... Read More

Canker sore, asthma drug to be tested as a treatment for obesity, diabetes

A drug used to treat canker sores may one day help patients who are obese or have diabetes, a new study suggests. The drug, amlexanox, was found to increase the basal metabolism of laboratory rats and reverse obesity, diabetes and fatty liver. Amlexanox is a medication with antiallergic and anti-inflammatory effects. It is also used in some countries as a treatment for asthma. Based on the new research, amlexanox has become a candidate for clinical evaluation in the treatment of obesity and related disorders, including diabetes. The study was conducted by researchers with the Life Sciences Institute at the University ... Read More