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brain injury 177 articles

Risk of degenerative brain diseases three times higher for NFL players, study finds

Professional football players are more than three times more likely to die from degenerative brain diseases than American men in the general population, a new study has found. The latest study, led by researcher Everett Lehman of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, part of the U.S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), bolsters the findings of previous studies indicating National Football League (NFL) players are much more likely to develop debilitating illnesses as a result of head injuries suffered in the past. The study analyzed the death certificates of 334 NFL players who played for a ... Read More

Nasal spray could help drive down suicide rates among U.S. veterans

“Here’s a window into a tragedy within the American military,” New York Times columnist Nicholas Kristoff wrote in an April column. “For every soldier killed on the battlefield this year, about 25 veterans are dying by their own hands.” The alarming epidemic of suicide amongst our veterans, often linked to traumatic brain injuries, post-traumatic stress disorder, and all the adverse emotional and physical complications that accompany them, have compelled military and civilian researchers to find better ways of diagnosing and treating brain injuries, which can lead to myriad cognitive, motor, and emotional problems. Among those problems, depression and suicide loom ... Read More

Concussion during concert doesn’t keep Lady Gaga from performing

A hard knock on the head left Lady Gaga with a concussion in the middle of her Born This Way Ball performance in Auckland, New Zealand Sunday evening. But instead of ending the concert early to treat the head injury, Gaga told the crowd that the show must go on and pushed through to perform several more sets. A number of videos uploaded to YouTube by concertgoers show one of the dancers moving a metal pole from the stage as Gaga bends down to pick up a prop machine gun during the song “Judas.” The pole strikes her on the ... Read More

NFL faces giant lawsuit for allegedly hiding brain injury risks

The National Football League (NFL) is sitting in a giant hot seat after complaints filed against it by thousands of former players with head trauma and their families were consolidated in a Philadelphia courtroom Thursday – a measure that sets the league up for a potentially long and costly legal battle. The players accuse the league of concealing information that connected football play with concussions and other traumatic brain injuries, which they allege in many cases led to permanent and debilitating brain disorders, such as dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. The master complaint also named Riddell, Inc., the company that manufactures ... Read More

Baby Orajel, oral numbing agents, should not be used in infants

Baby Orajel and other numbing agents for the mouth and gums containing benzocaine should not be used in infants because it can lead to a serious, sometimes fatal condition, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warns. Products such as Anbesol, Hurricaine, Orajel, Baby Orajel, and Orabase, are sold over-the-counter to treat mouth and gum pain. These gels and liquids contain benzocaine, a local anesthetic, which can lead to a rare but serious condition called methemoglobinemia, a disorder in which the amount of oxygen carried through the bloodstream is greatly reduced. In the most severe cases, methemoglobinemia can result in death. Children ... Read More

One-third of veterans suffer from traumatic brain injury

This Memorial Day, as we honor the men and women who serve our nation in the armed forces, it also may be a good time to remember some of the battles they face at home: the struggle to readapt to home and family life, to find suitable employment, to ease the physical wounds and emotional scars of war – these are just some of the fights awaiting most veterans when they leave the battlefield for the safety and security of home. One-third of all troops returning home from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan suffer from an injury that isn’t ... Read More

Air crash survivor uses art to help trauma patients recover

For victims of trauma, relief can come in surprising ways. For Laura Sharpe, who survived a horrific helicopter crash four years ago but was left with extensive injuries, artistic expression has been a healing force, and one that she wants to share with others who are recovering from devastating physical and emotional injuries. In 2008, Ms. Sharpe was on a 14-minute helicopter trip over Catalina Island when the aircraft’s engine started to sputter and shoot flames out of its exhaust pipe over the water. The helicopter lost power and crashed in a grassy area on the island, exploding on impact. ... Read More

Traumatic brain injury impairs patient’s medical decision making, UAB study finds

Patients suffering from traumatic brain injury (TBI) in various degrees of severity may not be capable of making multiple, complex decisions about the medical treatment they are to receive, according to a new study conducted by researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB). According to the study’s authors, a person who receives a traumatic brain injury must make a continual series of medical decisions governing the treatment of their brain trauma, orthopedic injuries, types of rehabilitation programs, and neuropsychiatric treatment. These critical decisions are often complex, and a potentially impaired ability to make them is something patients, their ... Read More

Surgery immediately after TBI may cause more harm than good

Skull reconstruction immediately following a traumatic brain injury (TBI) in which the skull is penetrated or indented can aggravate brain damage caused by the initial injury, according to a study conducted by researchers at the University of South Florida. The study was published this month in the online Journal of PloS ONE. Cesar Borlongan, the study’s principal investigator, describes the inflammation and subsequent swelling of the brain tissue that occurs immediately following TBI as a “double edged sword.” When the skull is initially penetrated, whether it be by a sharp object or even by blunt force, inflammation helps drive the ... Read More

Could traumatic brain injury explain soldier’s killing spree?

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) may have played a role in one U.S. soldier’s unprovoked massacre of 16 Afghan citizens early Sunday morning, according to numerous reports of the horrific incident coming out of the Middle East. Investigators are trying to determine why the Army-trained sniper left his post in Camp Belambay, Afghanistan in the middle of the night and walked more than a mile south to a village where he methodically entered private homes and opened fire on their occupants. In one home, four family members were killed. In a second home, the soldier killed three adults and eight ... Read More