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brain injury 177 articles

Concussion symptoms linger for months in many children, new study finds

Many children who suffer a concussion continue to experience physical and cognitive problems up to a year after their injury, a new study conducted by a group of pediatric physicians has found. The study, published Monday in the Archives of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine, involved 186 children ages 8 to 15 who went to the emergency rooms of two hospitals with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). One of the study’s authors, Dr. Keith Yeates of Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Ohio, told Reuters that the vast majority of children recover very well after suffering a mild TBI. However, “the not-so-good news ... Read More

Children may suffer for months after minor brain traumas

Millions of children get concussions each year, and many don’t even seek medical attention. Most parents may dismiss the problem, but a new study suggests these seemingly minor head traumas may actually affect the way children behave, causing memory and attention problems for up to a year after the trauma. They may even be to blame for children requiring extra help in school. The good news is that the study, which appeared in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, provided pretty convincing evidence that the vast majority of children do well after a mild traumatic brain injury. But the ... Read More

Experimental tool aims to identify extent of damage caused with TBI

There is no good way to diagnose the damage caused by a traumatic brain injury (TBI), which makes the condition even harder to treat. But an experimental tool that reveals the inner workings of the brain much like an X-ray shows broken bones, may one day offer doctors the ability to pinpoint injuries and guide rehabilitation. Research is currently underway in civilian and military patients on an MRI-based test that can help reveal these previously invisible wounds. Not knowing the extent of damage creates frustration for both patients and doctors. TBIs happen when a bump, blow, jolt or other head ... Read More

Study finds Pradaxa could make common falls lethal for elderly

The death of an 83-year-old man who checked into The University of Utah’s hospital after suffering from a routine fall raises concerns that hemorrhaging may be irreversible in patients taking Boehringer Ingelheim’s blood-thinning drug Pradaxa. A new report published Thursday in the Journal of Neurosurgery, authored by physicians in the University’s Neurosurgery Department who treated the patient, details his decline and eventual death hours after arriving at the hospital. The patient went to the hospital after experiencing a standing-level fall that left him banged up but alert and coherent. The study notes that one month prior to his fall, the ... Read More

Study finds common flu drug may speed traumatic brain injury recovery

A flu drug that has been around for decades may help speed the recovery of patients with severe traumatic brain injuries (TBI), according to a new study published today in the New England Journal of Medicine. A hospital study divided 184 patients with severe TBI caused by falls and car crashes randomly into two groups. About one third of the patients were in a vegetative state with only brief periods of wakefulness while the rest were only minimally conscious. One group received a daily dose of Amantadine, a drug first approved in the 1960s to help combat the flu virus, while ... Read More

Brain injury lawsuits against NFL consolidated in Philadelphia

The National Football League (NFL) is being hit with a growing number of lawsuits filed by former NFL players and their families blaming the league for dementia and other brain diseases linked to repeated concussions. At least four such lawsuits representing more than 300 retired NFL players and their families are being consolidated for multidistrict litigation in Philadelphia, and many more lawsuits could join before the cases go to trial. The lawsuits will be heard by Senior Federal Judge Anita Brody. After reviewing requests for consolidation by the NFL and plaintiffs’ lawyers, the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation found the ... Read More

CDC urges protection against TBI for winter sports enthusiasts

In March 2009, actress Natasha Richardson fell and bumped her head while skiing in Canada. She felt and acted normal, so she refused medical treatment and eventually went back to her hotel room to rest. Later, about three hours after the accident, she developed a severe headache and decided to go to the hospital. She arrived in critical condition. Sadly, the next day, she died from bleeding into her brain caused by an epidural hematoma, a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in which a buildup of blood occurs between the skull and the membrane just underneath it. As unfortunate ... Read More

Army close to diagnosing concussion, TBI with on-site blood test

The U.S. Army soon will use point-of-care blood-testing devices that can determine almost instantly if a soldier has suffered a concussion or other form of head trauma, U.S. Army Vice Chief of Staff Peter Chiarelli told an University of Texas audience in Austin last week. The device, developed by Florida-based company Banyan Biomarkers, will also be able to measure the severity of head trauma. “This is really critical,” Chiarelli said. “I think we are 14 to 18 months away from having a blood test for these invisible injuries. And it’s going to change medicine in a huge way.” The device ... Read More

NHL’s Boogaard suffered from concussion-related degenerative brain disease

Derek Boogaard, the 28-year-old forward for the New York Rangers hockey team who was found dead on May 13, had chronic traumatic encephalopathy, a degenerative brain disease commonly called C.T.E., according to researchers at Boston University. The finding stunned medical researchers at Boston University’s Center for the Study of Traumatic Encephalopathy, which has been leading research of the disease in athletes. According to a New York Times report, Mr. Boogaard’s case of C.T.E. was highly advanced for his young age. The disease, a form of dementia closely related to Alzheimer’s disease, can cause memory loss, confusion, aggression, depression, and other ... Read More

Frequently ‘heading’ soccer balls adversely alters brain matter, researchers find

Amateur soccer players who “head” the ball frequently while playing and practicing the no-arms-allowed sport are likely to damage their brains and develop subtle but serious declines in thinking and coordination, a new study has found. Researchers from New York City’s Albert Einstein College of Medicine presented findings November 29 at the Radiological Society of North America’s annual meeting showing microscopic changes in brain matter among a group of amateur soccer players who played the sport since childhood. The average age of the soccer players was 31. The researchers used an advanced MRI technique to detect changes in the white ... Read More