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children 174 articles

Staying Safe on Halloween, The Most Dangerous Night of the Year For Kids

Here’s a scary fact: Did you know that Halloween ranks as the third-deadliest day of the year for pedestrians? According to National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) records, an average of 30 pedestrians are killed every Oct. 31 – nearly triple the number of pedestrian fatalities that occur on an average day in the U.S. It’s mostly children that account for the leap in fatalities on Halloween. In fact, Halloween is the deadliest day in the U.S. for children. Injuries abound as well on Halloween. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) reports that more than 3,500 people suffer from ... Read More

Medication side effects in children focus of new advocacy efforts

Medication side effects can be significantly more severe in children than adults, leading to prolonged hospitalization, permanent disability or death. For this reason, it is a justified separate focus in the list of patient safety challenges in the Actionable Patient Safety Solutions (APSS) to be addressed at the Patient Safety Movement’s 5th Annual World Patient Safety, Science and Technology Summit in February 2017. The Pediatric Adverse Drug Events challenge was identified during the Midyear Planning Meeting, which brought together more than 100 medical experts, administrators, patient advocates, and government officials from around the world. The meeting concluded with a discussion and vote to ... Read More

Pediatric Burn Patients Seldom Treated In Burn Centers Despite Recommendations

Very few children in the U.S. who suffer significant burn injuries are transferred to specialized burn centers for evaluation and care, contrary to current medical recommendations, a new study has found. The study of pediatric burn patients, published in the September issue of the medical journal Burns, concluded that almost none of the children treated in the hospital were sent to a burn care unit, prompting the authors to call for clearer guidelines. The researchers analyzed 2012 data collected from hospital emergency rooms throughout the U.S. Of the nearly 127,000 children who were treated for burn injuries in hospitals that ... Read More

How To Keep Children Safe From Scald Burns

According to the American Burn Association, the majority of all scald burns in the U.S. happen to young children, and scald burns by far are the most common type of burn that children receive. Scald burns occur when contact with hot liquids or steam damages one or more layers of skin. Hot tap water, hot beverages, hot food, and steam are the most common causes of scald burns. Underdeveloped cognitive and motor abilities and thinner layers of skin are some of the main reasons why children are more at risk of being scalded than others. According to the Burn Foundation, ... Read More

Dangers Of Microwave Ovens Often Overlooked

Almost every home and residence in the U.S. has a microwave oven, but the appliances are usually overlooked as a potential safety hazard to children, even though they are the source of many pediatric burn injuries every year. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, toddlers as young as 17 months can open a microwave door, power it on, and remove any contents inside. Microwave ovens pose a burn risk even if they sit on or hang from a place typically out of a small child’s reach, because kids can climb on chairs, tables, and other objects to reach them. From ... Read More

Lithium tested in children with bipolar disorder

The long-used drug lithium appears safe and effective for treating children with bipolar disorder, according to a new study published in the journal Pediatrics. “Lithium is the grandfather of all treatments for bipolar disorder but it has never been rigorously studied in children,” said Dr. Robert Finding, a professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Some doctors have prescribed lithium off-label for children, but lacking efficient data on safety has always been a concern. Many children with bipolar disorder are treated with antipsychotics, such as Risperdal. But these drugs have harsh side effects ... Read More

Study to look anesthesia safety in infants, children

The effect of anesthesia on infants and children has been hotly debated for years, with some animal studies suggesting the drugs can harm developing brains. But there is no clear evidence that the drugs can cause harm, such as developmental delays or behavior problems later in life. Doctors don’t want to add concern to parents whose children need general anesthesia for crucial surgery. A group of researchers has partnered with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to settle the matter once and for all. “Millions of kids safely undergo anesthesia,” said SmartTots co-author Dr. Beverly Orser, a professor of anesthesia ... Read More

RSV drug Virazole recalled due to contamination

One lot of ribavirin powder, marketed as Virazole, used to treat hospitalized infants and young children with severe respiratory tract infections due to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), is being recalled after it was found to be contaminated with potentially harmful microorganisms. Nearly all children become infected with RSV before the age of 3, however most cases are mild and do not require anti-viral drugs. Virazole is used to treat severe RSV infections in patients sick enough to be hospitalized. Virazole is a powder that is inhaled by patients. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warned that inhalation of a non-sterile ... Read More

Women should not be treated with testosterone therapy, Endocrine Society advises

Low testosterone is not a valid diagnosis in healthy women, and most women with low amounts of the hormone should not use testosterone-replacement drugs, the Endocrine Society said in a new guideline. “Although limited research suggests testosterone therapy in menopausal women may be linked to improved sexual function, there are too many unanswered questions to justify prescribing testosterone therapy to otherwise healthy women,” guideline task force chair Dr. Margaret Wierman, of the University of Colorado, said in news release. Dr. Wierman said that in a review of past studies, women who had low testosterone levels did not exhibit any signs ... Read More

Enterovirus D68 may be causing polio-like symptoms in some children

A polio-like illness is spreading among children in Colorado and may be linked to enterovirus D68, the respiratory virus that’s sent dozens of children nationwide to the hospital. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is investigating the neurological symptoms, which include paralysis and muscle weakness. CDC officials say they do not believe the symptoms are caused by polio. At least eight of the 10 children affected by the new symptoms are up-to-date on their polio vaccinations. The children, who were admitted to Children’s Hospital in Colorado, presented with symptoms including weakness in the shoulders, triceps, biceps and hips, ... Read More