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diabetes 222 articles

Obese people can cut heart disease, stroke risk by lowering cholesterol, blood pressure, blood sugar

Obese and overweight people who lower their blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels could cut their risk of heart disease and stroke by more than half, according to a new study published in The Lancet. Researchers analyzed nearly 100 studies that involved more than 1.8 million people worldwide. They concluded that high blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels contributed to about 50 percent of overweight and obese people’s increased risk of heart disease and 75 percent of their increased risk of stroke. Obesity rates have almost doubled worldwide in the past 35 years affecting more than 1.4 billion ... Read More

Patients should discuss with doctors risks, benefits of type 2 diabetes drugs

Most people associate insulin injections with diabetics. But in reality, only some diabetics require the glucose-regulating hormone. Diabetes is a chronic condition in which the body does not produce insulin, as in the case with type 1 diabetics, or does not produce enough of the hormone, which is the case for type 2 diabetics. Only about 5 to 10 percent of people with diabetes have type 1 and most are diagnosed as children. The vast majority of diabetics – 90 to 95 percent –have type 2 diabetes. The condition used to be known as adult-onset diabetes, however more and more ... Read More

Muscle pain side effect of statins can sideline even recreational runners

Nearly four percent of serious recreational runners take drugs to lower cholesterol, regulate blood pressure, and manage diabetes. But runners who turn to statin medications to drive down cholesterol levels may have the wrong idea. A recent Outside magazine article suggests: “Statins are known to impair training and cause muscle pain.” This is bothersome enough for the average person, but what about those with more active lifestyles, such as runners and other athletes? Muscle pain can ultimately sideline them. In studies involving professional athletes with serious cholesterol problems, only 6 out of 33 could tolerate statins without experiencing muscle pain. ... Read More

Australian science show questions benefits of cholesterol-lowering statins

The chairman of Australia’s drug advisory council is urging ABC not to run the second episode on cholesterol-lowering statin medication on its scientific Catalyst show because the program may discourage people from taking their medicine. The two-part series is examining how the benefits of statins have been exaggerated. On the Catalyst website, the program is described in the following manner: “For the last four decades we’ve been told that saturated fat clogs our arteries and high cholesterol causes heart disease. It has spawned a multi-billion dollar drug and food industry of ‘cholesterol free’ products promising to lower our cholesterol and ... Read More

NIH study to test whether vitamin D can prevent or delay onset of type 2 diabetes

Vitamin D use has increased dramatically in the United States in the past 15 years and has been credited with reducing the risk of developing multiple sclerosis, heart disease, and even type 2 diabetes. But many of the claims have yet to be substantiated through research. That is, until now. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) announced that it would be conducting studies to determine whether vitamin D can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes in adults at risk for developing the disease. “We need rigorous testing to determine if vitamin D will help prevent diabetes,” said ... Read More

Certain fruits can help protect against type 2 diabetes

Consuming certain fruits can help protect against type 2 diabetes, according to a large cohort study published in the British Medical Journal. The study focused on individual fruit consumption among more than 187,000 people who at the start of the study did not have diabetes, cardiovascular disease or cancer. The participants were given food frequency questionnaires every four years to analyze diet. The surveys specifically asked how often the people ate 10 different fruits including grapes or raisins; peaches, plums or apricots; prunes; bananas; cantaloupe; apples or pears; oranges; grapefruit; strawberries; and blueberries. They were also questioned about their intake ... Read More

Side effects with statin medications grossly underreported

Cholesterol-lowering statin medications, such as the commonly used Lipitor, can increase the risk of serious health problems and offer little benefit to patients with high cholesterol and no heart disease, a leading Irish vascular surgeon warns. Sherif Sultain of University College Hospital in Galway says the best way to treat high cholesterol for most individuals is to follow a healthy lifestyle rather than rely on medication because statins can have dangerous side effects. The medication can increase the risk of diabetes, cataracts and male impotence, and “can also significantly increase the risk of cancer and neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson’s disease ... Read More

Many people unaware they have high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes

Nine out of 10 adults are unaware they have high cholesterol, and one in five don’t know they have diabetes – statistics that could skyrocket future health care costs, according to new findings from the Australia Bureau of Statistics. The study involved blood and urine tests from more than 11,000 people and provides a more accurate picture of the Australian nation’s health, researchers say. High cholesterol levels put people at risk for heart disease and strokes. Diabetes, a chronic condition in which the body is unable to regulate the level of sugar in the blood, can cause early death and serious ... Read More

High blood sugar in diabetics, non-diabetics increases dementia risk

High blood sugar levels – even in people without diabetes – put people at greater risk of dementia, according to a new study published in the New England Journal of Medicine. Dementia is a general term to describe a decline in mental ability that is debilitating enough to impact daily life activities. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia. Dementia is a potential complication for people with type 2 diabetes. Other complications of diabetes include cardiovascular disease, amputations due to neuropathy, and blindness. Researchers looked at more than 2,000 Group Health Patients age 65 and older and found ... Read More

Statins help lower stroke risk in diabetics, but can increase risk of diabetes in others

Cholesterol-lowering statin medications reduce the risk of recurrent stroke in patients who have diabetes or metabolic syndrome, a group of risk factors that occur together and increase the risk for coronary artery disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes, a new analysis indicates. The study, conducted by researchers at Vanderbilt University, is the first that focuses on the effect of statin treatment on secondary stroke prevention in people with type 2 diabetes or metabolic syndrome. The primary conclusion of the clinical trial found that the statin Lipitor (atorvastatin) reduced the risk of stroke in general. The secondary analysis assessed stroke risk ... Read More