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Bo Jackson Says He Would Never Have Played Football Had He Known of Concussion Risks

Sports legend Bo Jackson told USA Today Sports that if he had known about the head-injury risks football poses to players back in the ’80s and ’90s he would never have played football. “If I knew back then what I know now,” Mr. Jackson told USA Today Sports, “I would have never played football. Never. I wish I had known about all of those head injuries, but no one knew that. And the people that did know that, they wouldn’t tell anybody,” he said, alluding to the NFL’s leadership. In 2011, a group of former NFL players filed a lawsuit ... Read More

Concussions Create Long-Term Structural Changes In Brain, Study Finds

Concussions can alter the structure of the brain over the long-term, even after clinical symptoms associated with head trauma have disappeared, a new study conducted by researchers at the Medical College of Wisconsin has found. While the effects a concussion makes on the brain’s microstructure are known and documented, the Wisconsin study, presented earlier this month in the American Academy of Neurology’s Sports Concussion Conference, focused on the duration of those effects. The study analyzed the brains of 35 high school and college athletes using advanced neuroimaging technologies. Seventeen of the study subjects were examined after suffering a concussion. The ... Read More

Did NFL Concussion Study Omit 10 Percent of Diagnosed Cases?

National Football League (NFL) researchers paid by the league to study the link between concussions and brain disease omitted more than 100 diagnosed concussions, including some in high-profile players, from its analyses, The New York Times reported. Citing confidential documents it obtained, The New York Times report claims the omissions include head injuries suffered by star quarterbacks Steve Young and Troy Aikman. Also missing were all concussions suffered by Dallas Cowboys players between 1996 and 2001, the time period in which the study focused, The Times reports. Critics of the NFL’s report say it is sloppy at best and a ... Read More

Frank Gifford Had Degenerative Brain Disease, Family Says

The family of Frank Gifford announced last week that the former NFL superstar suffered from chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a progressive, debilitating brain disease linked to repeated concussions and even mild jerks of the head and neck that commonly occur in football. “While Frank passed away from natural causes this past August at the age of 84, our suspicions that he was suffering from the debilitating effects of head trauma were confirmed when a team of pathologists recently diagnosed his condition,” the family said in a statement Nov. 25. The diagnosis likely will underscore the threat that concussion and other forms of traumatic ... Read More

Rams Quarterback Finishes Game With Head Injury, NFL Investigating

The National Football League (NFL) and players’ union said they are investigating the circumstances that allowed St. Louis Rams quarterback Case Keenum to push through the remaining one minute and 10 seconds of Sunday Night’s game against the Baltimore Ravens despite visible signs that had suffered a concussion. With the teams tied 13-13 near the end of the fourth quarter, Ravens defensive end Timmy Jernigan threw Keenum to the ground just after he dropped back and threw the ball. In the tackle, Keenum hit the ground hard on his back as his head slammed the ground and bounced sharply back up. Keenum immediately ... Read More

Study Detects Links Between Energy Drinks And Traumatic Brain Injury

A Canadian study surveying thousands of Ontario students has found that energy drink consumption is linked to increased risk of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Researchers from St. Michael’s Hospital in Toronto, Ontario, reached the conclusion after surveying more than 10,000 Ontario students ages 11 to 20. Among other questions, the survey asked respondents about their energy drink consumption and whether they had ever experienced a traumatic brain injury. The study, published Sept. 16 in the journal PLOS ONE, defined TBI as any blow to the head that left the respondent unconscious for five minutes or required an overnight stay in ... Read More

96 Percent Of Deceased NFL Players Had Degenerative Brain Disease, Research Shows

Ninety-six percent of deceased NFL players examined by medical researchers tested positive for chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), the debilitating brain disease blamed for the decline and eventual deaths of former football players. Researchers with the Department of Veterans Affairs and Boston University who have conducted post-mortem examinations of 91 former NFL players found that 87 had some form of CTE, a degenerative neurological disease that leads to memory loss, depression, dementia, and a spectrum of other difficulties. Altogether the study examined the brains of 165 former players, including NFL, semi-pro, college, and high school players. Of the wider group, CTE ... Read More

More Research Underscores Risk Of Permanent Brain Injury In Youth Football

A new study of NFL players with memory and thinking problems potentially associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI) has found that football players who started playing the sport before age 12 were more likely to exhibit damage to white matter tract of the brain – a likely precursor to degenerative brain diseases – than players who started the sport after age 12. The study, conducted by researchers from Boston University School of Medicine and Brigham and Women’s Hospital and published online in in the Journal of Neurotrauma, looked at a group of 40 NFL players between ages 40 and 65 who ... Read More

Traumatic Brain Injury And ADHD Strongly Linked, New Study Finds

A new Canadian study has found that adults who have suffered from a traumatic brain injury (TBI) at some point in their lives are more than twice as likely to report symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The study, funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation, was published August 20 in the Journal of Psychiatric Research. It defined TBI as any injury to the head that resulted in a loss of consciousness for longer than five minutes, including injuries that required hospitalization. They measured ADHD by a diagnosis of the disorder or the ... Read More

Family suing Pop Warner youth football says concussions caused son’s severe brain disorder

The family of a football player who suffered from chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) and killed himself in 2012 has filed a lawsuit against Pop Warner, the country’s largest youth football organization, alleging the program failed to warn players about the dangers of concussion and take appropriate measures to protect players from them. The New York Times reports that the estate of Joseph Chernach, who committed suicide in 2012 at age 25, filed a lawsuit Thursday in a Wisconsin federal court, seeking at least $5 million in damages from Pop Warner because the organization, as the suit alleges, “knew or should ... Read More