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Lifestyle intervention does not reduce risk of heart attacks, strokes in type 2 diabetics

A controlled diet and exercise plan may help patients with type 2 diabetes lose weight, but the weight loss did not reduce their risk for having heart problems, a new study shows. The study, sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), looked at the long-term effects of healthy nutrition and exercise in overweight people with type 2 diabetes. More than 5,000 obese adults ages 45 to 76 with type 2 diabetes were followed for nearly 10 years. Half of the participants focused on lifestyle intervention through physical activity and low calorie intake, and the other half was given conventional ... Read More

Obesity, diabetes during pregnancy linked to autism, developmental delays

Mothers who are obese or have diabetes during pregnancy are more likely to have children who are autistic than women who do not have the same conditions while pregnant, according to a new study from the University of California. The study involved 1,004 children aged 2 to 5 years enrolled in the CHARGE (Childhood Autism Risks from Genetics and the Environment) study from 2003 to 2010, and included 517 children with autism spectrum disorders, 172 with other developmental disorders, and 315 who were considered typical. Researchers found that obese mothers were 67 percent more likely than mothers of normal weight ... Read More

Researchers wonder why bariatric surgery works better than drugs

A new study presented at the annual meeting of the American College of Cardiology shows that bariatric surgery for obese patients can quickly lower blood sugar levels and reduce or eliminate patients’ need for insulin or diabetes medications. Now researchers are trying find out exactly why the stomach-reducing surgery works far better than drugs. Two separate reports published in the New England Journal of Medicine concluded that bariatric surgery surpasses medical therapy as a treatment for type 2 diabetes, “and are fascinating not only because of the immediate clinical implications … but also because there’s some really cool underlying science ... Read More