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pregnancy 134 articles

More pregnant women taking dietary and herbal supplements

The use of dietary and herbal supplements among pregnant women in the U.S. has increased in recent years, according to research published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. The study, conducted by researchers at Penn State University, examined the prevalence and types of herb and supplement use among U.S. pregnant women versus non-pregnant women of reproductive age (18 to 40 years) over a 10-year period. Researchers used data from the National Health Interview Survey and obtained records for 2002, 2007 and 2012. They found that in 2002, 13.6 percent of pregnant women and 20.4 percent of non-pregnant women ... Read More

MRI with gadolinium during pregnancy may be harmful to fetuses

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) during pregnancy does not increase the risk of harm to the fetus or during early childhood. But MRI done with the contrast agent gadolinium at any time during pregnancy might be harmful, and is associated with higher risk of fetal death or neonatal death as well as a variety of rheumatological, inflammatory and skin conditions in the newborn, according to a study published in the September issue of JAMA. With the growing use of medical imaging, questions have been raised about the safety of MRI during early pregnancy due to the heating of sensitive tissues by ... Read More

HIV drug for pregnant women linked to developmental delays in babies

Children born to women who used the drug atazanavir to prevent HIV transmission from the mother to her unborn child are more likely to have developmental defects, according to a team of Harvard University researchers. Atazanavir is used in combination with other anti-retroviral drugs as both a treatment for HIV and to prevent the spread of the virus. Previous studies have raised red flags about the possibility that atazanavir could cause developmental problems in children exposed in utero. However, researchers are not suggesting the medication be discontinued. The latest study, conducted by members of the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study (PHACS) ... Read More

FDA advises pregnant women to talk to doctors before taking over-the-counter pain medications

Recent reports have raised concerns about the safety of prescription and over-the-counter pain medications when used during pregnancy. As a result, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) evaluated research studies and determined that there was too little information to make any formal recommendations. Thus, the agency is advising that pregnant women discuss with their doctors all medicines before taking them. Severe and persistent pain that is not effectively treated during pregnancy can cause depression, anxiety and high blood pressure in the mother – which can be dangerous to both pregnant women and developing fetuses. Medicines including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), opioids, ... Read More

FDA issues new rule on labeling medication for pregnancy, breastfeeding

New guidelines have been set for how information about using medications during pregnancy and lactation is listed on prescription drugs and biological products to better communicate risks and benefits of using these medical products during pregnancy and breastfeeding. The new guidelines, established by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) replace the decades-old product letter categories – A, B, C, D and X – that have been used to classify risks of prescription drugs during pregnancy. The new format involves three detailed subsets that describe the risks within the real-world context of caring for pregnant women who may need medication. FDA ... Read More

Lawsuit against Bayer claims Mirena IUD migrated to rectum

Jennifer Martin was shocked when she learned in September 2012 that she was pregnant. Two months earlier she had gotten a Mirena IUD contraceptive device. An ultrasound confirmed the pregnancy but did not offer any clues as to where the IUD had gone. It was a perplexing mystery, and one that had to be resolved. Shortly after, Jennifer had a miscarriage. A month later, her doctor performed surgery to conduct an extensive search for the IUD among her internal organs, including the liver, spleen and stomach. The intrauterine device was eventually found in her rectum. Bayer Healthcare faces more than ... Read More

Mental health groups ask FDA to remove black box warning for suicide risk from antidepressants

Mental health experts are petitioning the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to remove its severest warning involving suicidal thoughts from the safety labels on all antidepressants because the warning has resulted in a 33 percent increase in suicide attempts, and has scared away some patients who may benefit from the medication. In 2004, the FDA placed a black box warning, its most serious kind, on all categories of antidepressants, indicating that there is an increased suicide risk in children and adolescents treated with the drugs. Two years later, the FDA extended the warning to young adults to age 25 and recommended ... Read More

New meta-analysis raises serious questions about SSRI use during pregnancy

There is not enough research to provide a clear guidance on the risks or benefits of antidepressant use during pregnancy, however there are serious concerns regarding the drugs’ affects on newborns that should be addressed, a new meta-analysis has found. The analysis on antidepressant use during and after pregnancy was conducted by U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. The study focused on a class of antidepressants known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or SSRIs, which include the brand names Zoloft, Prozac, Lexapro, Celexa, and Paxil. Researchers reported finding evidence that SSRI use during ... Read More

New study suggests SSRI use during pregnancy increases risk of autism spectrum disorders in children

Women using antidepressants known as SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) during pregnancy may be at higher risk of having children with autism spectrum disorders, according to a new study published in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. Several studies have raised red flags with the use of SSRIs during pregnancy. SSRIs, which include the brand names Zoloft, Paxil, Lexapro, Celexa and Prozac, have been linked to birth defects such as persistent pulmonary hypertension, heart defects, neural tube defects and malformations. Studies have also suggested that children exposed to SSRIs in utero are more likely to have behavioral problems and ... Read More

Study: Children exposed to SSRIs in utero at greater risk for obesity, type 2 diabetes

Babies born to women who took antidepressants while pregnant are more likely to become obese and develop type 2 diabetes, according to a new study. Obesity and type 2 diabetes in children is already on the rise in the United States and is generally blamed on poor diets and reduced physical activity. However, researchers with McMaster University say that maternal antidepressant use may also be a contributing factor in the pediatric obesity and diabetes epidemic. The study focused on a commonly prescribed type of antidepressant known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or SSRIs, which include the brand names Prozac, Lexapro, ... Read More