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seizures 62 articles

CDC urges doctors to look for seizures, epilepsy in babies born to Zika-infected moms

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) urged doctors to be aware of seizures and epilepsy in infants born to mothers infected with the Zika virus while pregnant, as cases of epilepsy caused by the virus can be misdiagnosed or underreported. Studies have confirmed that pregnant women infected with Zika are at an increased risk of having a fetus or delivering a baby with a brain abnormality such as microcephaly, or other neurological disorders. The CDC is hoping that by making doctors aware of epilepsy and seizure disorders in infants exposed to Zika in utero, reporting will be more ... Read More

FDA adds new warnings to smoking cessation drug Chantix

The prescription smoking cessation medicine Chantix can cause seizures in some users, and can increase the intoxicating effects of alcohol resulting in aggressive behavior and/or amnesia, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced in a Safety Alert. The FDA has ordered and approved updates to the Chantix label to include warnings for these risks. Chantix, known generically as varenicline, is approved to help adults quit smoking. The drug’s safety label already includes a boxed warning for neuropsychiatric symptoms including suicidal thoughts. Other warnings include accidental injury, cardiovascular events, hypersensitivity reactions and serious skin rashes. More common Chantix side effects include ... Read More

Laundry detergent pods sicken thousands of children each year

Laundry detergent pods mistaken for candy and ingested by children were the source of more than 17,000 poison center calls and 700 hospital visits in the past two years due to illnesses, some serious enough to cause seizures, coma and death, according to new research. The incidents involved children younger than 6, and most weren’t seriously harmed. However, 144 suffered eye injuries, 30 went into comas, 12 had seizures, and last year one infant died after ingesting the packets of laundry detergent. The packets are often brightly colored and can be easily mistaken for candy. Researchers say the report shows that ... Read More

FDA approves new diet pill Contrave

A new prescription diet pill has been given clearance by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for marketing in the United States. Contrave, made by Orexigen Therapeutics, is a combination of bupropion, an antidepressant that is also used for smoking cessation, and naltrexone, a drug used to treat drug and alcohol dependence. Contrave is approved for overweight or obese patients with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher, as well as people with a BMI of 27 or higher with at least one other health issue such as diabetes. Patients treated with Contrave lost an average of 4.2 ... Read More

FDA sends strong warning against using lidocaine anesthetic for teething pain in infants, children

Prescription oral viscous lidocaine 2% anesthetic solution should not be used to treat teething pain in infants or children because it can cause serious injuries, including death, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warned. The agency is ordering a new black box warning be added to the safety label of lidocaine products to alert health care professionals, providers and caregivers of this risk. Topical pain relieves and medications that are rubbed on the gums to relieve pain are not necessary or even useful because they wash off the baby’s mouth within minutes, the agency warned. When too much viscous lidocaine is ... Read More

Anti-seizure drug Topamax approved for treatment of migraine headaches in teens

Federal drug regulators have approved the anti-seizure drug Topamax, known generically as topiramate, as a prophylaxis treatment for migraine headaches in teenagers ages 12 to 17. It is the first medication to be approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for adolescents. It is intended to be taken daily to prevent or reduce the frequency of migraines. Topamax first won FDA approval in 1996 to help prevent seizures. It was approved as a migraine prevention for adults in 2004. The expanded indication to include adolescents was based on a clinical trial involving 103 patients ages 12 to 17. Among ... Read More

Home-testing kits for HPV may soon be available for consumers

Some home-testing kits for the human papillomavirus (HPV) can accurately detect precancerous cervical cells with almost the same accuracy as a clinical test and may soon be made available to patients by their physicians, a new European study announced. Researchers with the Unit of Cancer Epidemiology at the Scientific Institute of Public Health in Brussels said, however, that the home tests are not a foolproof method of detecting precancerous growth so they would not recommend that the tests be used as an effective way of diagnosing HPV. The test does hold promise as being an effective public health tool, much ... Read More

Teen dies from illness possibly caused by infected mosquito

An Arkansas teenager has died from what hospital officials believe may have been a rare virus caused by a mosquito bite. Little Rock Children’s Hospital confirmed that Coleman Pearson, 13, lost his battle with an illness he contracted earlier this month. He was being treated for Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE), a condition that causes inflammation of the brain and leads to disorientation, seizures or coma. Pearson’s condition has not yet been confirmed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), however if researchers identify the boy’s illness as EEE, it would be the first human case reported in Arkansas ... Read More

Fifteen people exposed to deadly mad cow-like disease from surgical equipment

Fifteen people in three states have been warned by hospital officials that they may have been exposed to a rare but deadly brain disease after undergoing surgery with contaminated surgical equipment. The concern stems from a now-deceased patient who had brain surgery at Catholic Medical Center in Manchester, N.H. in May. He is suspected to have had Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease, CJD, a rapidly degenerating and incurable neurological disorder similar to mad cow disease. A true diagnosis cannot be made without an autopsy; Results are expected in a few weeks. The patient was treated using a guided imaging navigational system made by ... Read More

Cholesterol drugs may help ease symptoms of Rett Syndrome

Cholesterol-lowering statins may help treat symptoms associated with a debilitating disease affecting girls; however, they may also increase the risk for developing type 2 diabetes in postmenopausal women. Statins, including the widely prescribed Lipitor, are used by millions of people around the world. A new study suggest that the drug could help relieve symptoms from Rett Syndrome. The neurological disorder affects only girls and is generally diagnosed during the preschool years as toddlers miss developmental milestones. The disease is regressive and many girls have seizures, orthopedic and severe digestive symptoms. Breathing and other autonomic impairments are also common. Those with Rett Syndrome ... Read More